Security Operations Center (SOC) Team Roles and Responsibilities
The SOC team, or Security Operations Centre, is responsible for implementing the organization’s security policies and processes, as well as maintaining and monitoring the organization’s security standards. The SOC team is critical from the perspective of the organization because it protects security assets, and it can be found in any size organization. The team maintains a watch of any questionable behavior that occurs on servers, endpoints, networks, apps, databases, websites, and other modern technologies. Because all security-related factors are in the hands of one team, SOC might function as a lifeline and safeguard the organization from massive losses.
The SOC team often has a wide range of tasks, as security is the most important component in preventing data loss and other losses for the firm. However, the SOC team is primarily responsible for two tasks: maintaining the company’s security monitoring systems and investigating suspicious activities.
Keeping the security monitoring tools up to date
Many tools are involved in efficiently safeguarding and monitoring a system, and a SOC team maintains and upgrades such tools regularly to protect data or other security assets. This group can also give security patches and upgrades to keep unwanted access at bay. Firewalls, intrusion detection and prevention systems, data loss prevention tools, and other critical security measures must be maintained regularly. Following data collection, logs and other information must be sent to SIEM and other log analytics tools.
Investigation of the suspicious activity involved
This team is in charge of researching suspicious and other harmful behavior that might represent a substantial danger to an organization’s security assets and create large losses to a reputable corporation using these technologies. If possible risks are discovered, the SOC team can investigate alerts and assess the scale of the danger. A successful SOC team is the result of a combination of adequate tools and competent assistance.
Various positions and functions
SOC Analyst, Security Engineer, SOC Manager, and Chief Information Security Officer are the most typical jobs connected with SOC.
Analyst for Information Security
Usually, security analysts are the first to respond to an issue. They are the warriors combating cyber assaults and evaluating risks on the front lines. In a nutshell, their mission is to discover risks, examine them, and respond to them quickly. Analysts may also be responsible for executing security measures that have been mandated by management. They may also play a part in disaster recovery strategies for businesses. Security analysts are required to be on-call in certain firms to respond to issues that occur outside work hours.
Maintaining tools, recommending new tools, and updating systems are all responsibilities of security engineers. SIEM platforms are the focus of many security engineers. Security engineers are in charge of designing and implementing security architectures and solutions. They usually collaborate with development and operations teams to keep systems up to date. Security engineers also describe requirements, methods, and protocols so that other users have the resources they need.
The Security Manager is in charge of overseeing the entire operation. They also coordinate with the Security Engineers and supervise the team members. The Security Manager also determines the scope of new security development projects. They serve as direct points of contact for all members of the SOC team.
Chief Information Security Officer:
The Chief Information Security Officer is the highest-ranking member of a SOC team’s hierarchy. The CISO reviews all final reports as well as all plans, security policies, and procedures, and they are also in charge of compliance management. They should have excellent communication skills and technical expertise to communicate complex concerns to senior management.
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