Many businesses have made significant strides in data security. To lessen the chance of an attack, they have improved their firewalls, processes, and frequent cyber incident response training. While these actions are necessary, creating a cyber-resilience program focuses on how the firm can continue to operate during and after an attack.
Despite having access to cutting-edge technologies, we all recognize that protecting all of our assets equally is not a feasible goal. Even in the best-case scenario, we generally have certain real-life restrictions (such as time and expense), so we end up focusing our efforts on the most vital assets, both in terms of systems and data, without losing sight of the broader company.
Risk Management in Cybersecurity
Cyber risk management is the process of discovering, analyzing, assessing, and responding to cyber security hazards in your organization.
A cyber risk assessment is an initial step in any cyber risk management program. This will provide you with an overview of the dangers that may jeopardize your organization’s cyber security, as well as their severity.
Your cyber risk management program will then identify how to prioritize and respond to those hazards based on your organization’s risk appetite.
The procedure for managing cyber risks
Although exact approaches differ, a risk management program often consists of the following steps:
Determine the dangers that might jeopardize your cyber security. Typically, this entails detecting cyber security vulnerabilities in your system as well as the attackers that may exploit them.
Analyze the severity of each risk by determining how probable it is to occur and the magnitude of the impact if it occurs.
Consider how each danger fits within your risk tolerance (your predetermined level of acceptable risk).
Prioritize the dangers.
Determine how you will respond to each danger. In general, there are four options:
Treat – reduce the risk’s likelihood and/or effect, generally by adopting security controls.
Tolerate – make a conscious decision to keep the risk (e.g. because it falls within the established risk acceptance criteria).
Terminate – avoid the danger by discontinuing or modifying the activity that is creating the risk.
Transferring — sharing the risk with another party, generally through outsourcing or insurance.
Considering cyber risk management is an ongoing activity, keep an eye on your risks to ensure they are still acceptable. Assess your controls to ensure they are still fit for purpose, and make modifications as needed. Keep in mind that your risks are always shifting as the cyber threat landscape changes and your systems and operations evolve.
Identify Cybersecurity Risks
IT risk, according to Gartner, is “the possibility of an unanticipated, unfavorable business result involving the breakdown or abuse of IT.” In other words, what are the chances of an existing threat exploiting a weakness, and how severe would the repercussions be if it did? The first stage in risk management is risk identification. With the proliferation of IT systems, the proliferation of laws, and the complexities of COVID, modern security teams have their hands full.
To assess risk, you must first understand threats, vulnerabilities, and the implications of their confluence.
Threats are situations or occurrences that have the potential to harm an organization’s operations or assets through illegal access to information systems. Threats can show themselves in a variety of ways, including hostile assaults, human mistakes, structural or configuration faults, and even natural calamities.
Vulnerabilities are flaws in an information system, security method, internal control, or implementation that a threat source can exploit. Vulnerabilities, which are frequently the result of deficient internal activities such as security, may also be identified outside-in supply chains or vendor relationships.
Consequences are the negative outcomes that occur when adversaries exploit vulnerabilities. When attempting to analyze risk, your company will need to estimate such expenses based on the severity of the repercussions. Keep in mind that these costs are typically incurred because of lost or destroyed data, which can be a significant business setback for any organization.
How to Handle Risks
The risk may be approached and treated in a variety of ways, in addition to embracing it. They are as follows:
Avoidance implies altering plans to remove a danger. This method is appropriate for risks that might have a substantial impact on a business or project.
Transfer: This applies to initiatives involving numerous partners. This is a rare occurrence. Insurance is frequently included. Also called “risk-sharing.”
Mitigation: Reducing the impact of risk so that if a problem arises, it is easier to resolve. This is the most typical. Also known as “risk optimization” or “risk minimization.”
Exploitation: Some risks are beneficial, such as when a product is so popular that there aren’t enough employees to keep up with sales. In such a circumstance, the risk can be mitigated by hiring more salespeople.
An information security program must have established mechanisms in place to continually detect risks and vulnerabilities to be effective. Risk identification should result in threat groups, including severe cybersecurity threats. A taxonomy for categorizing risks, sources, and vulnerabilities can aid in risk identification. These risk identification actions should be carried out by management to assess the institution’s information security risk profile, including cybersecurity risk.
Is it necessary for my company to have a cyber risk management strategy?
Organizations of all sizes must recognize that the present cyber threats make any organization a prime target for an attacker. An assault might occur regardless of the size of your organization or the number of your consumer base. A single cyber-attack on an unprepared firm might have long-term consequences in terms of data loss, financial impact, brand reputation, and even staff morale. Anti-virus software installed on all workstations is no longer sufficient to prevent assaults; this is only one part of risk management.
Establishing and executing a risk management plan inside your organization enables you to eliminate business-specific risks and lessen cyber-attack threats. It is valuable because of the higher level of cyber security within the organization. As part of the bidding process or when dealing with public sector clients, your clients may seek a copy of your cyber security policy and risk mitigation strategy.
How does cyber security risk management benefit an organisation
Every organization must have a cyber risk management plan in place. A risk management plan assists decision-makers in understanding the cyber hazards connected with day-to-day operations or new endeavors. A cyber risk assessment will evaluate and determine the possibility of any cyber-attacks to which the company is currently exposed. Knowing your company’s top dangers means you’re putting your money and effort where they’ll be most effective. This will aid in the prevention of the hazards highlighted in your evaluation.
The following are the primary reasons for developing a cyber risk management strategy:
Managing cyber risks and averting cyber attacks– The implementation of a cyber risk management plan aids in the identification of hazards to an organization. Creating a risk treatment strategy also aids in addressing the risks and putting in place the necessary defenses. This decreases the risk of cyber-attacks.
Cost reduction and revenue protection- Many attackers’ motivation is financial gain. This means that any organization might be impacted. It is critical to reduce the danger of being the victim of an assault and to offset the potential loss of income. Compliance with specific standards as part of a cyber risk plan can help organizations avoid significant fines for noncompliance.
Improved corporate reputation- Demonstrating to clients and customers that you take cyber security seriously provides your company with a competitive advantage. Organizations that prioritize their customers’ or clients’ data earn their confidence, resulting in improved loyalty and long-term commercial success.
What Are the Benefits of Risk Management in Cyber Security?
Implementing Cybersecurity Risk Management guarantees that cybersecurity is not treated as an afterthought in an organization’s day-to-day operations. A Cybersecurity Risk Management approach guarantees that processes and rules are followed regularly and that security is kept up to date.
Cybersecurity Risk Management monitors identify, and mitigates the following hazards continually:
• VIP and Executive Protection • Brand Protection • Fraud Protection • Sensitive Data Leakage Monitoring • Dark Web Activity • Automated Threat Mitigation • Leaked Credentials Monitoring • Malicious Mobile App Identification
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